Research

Research

The task of developing research into the effectiveness and efficacy of Group Analytic Psychotherapy is imperative, given the culture of contemporary public services which increasingly base service provision exclusively on the criteria defined by Evidence Based Practice.

This page provides resources and information to develop understandings of the research process and the wider social and political culture within which research takes place.

 

A Systematic Review of the Efficacy and Clinical Effectiveness of Group Analysis and Analytic/Dynamic Group Psychotherapy The main aim of the review was to assess the evidence and the studies available as to efficacy and effectiveness of Group Analysis (GA) and Analytic/Dynamic (A/D) Group Psychotherapy. Factors that influence the outcome of group therapy were also assessed. The review also presents information on the numbers and types of clients using GA and A/D groups, including the size of groups, and the duration of therapy.

 

Psychoanalytic Research Society  The purpose of the Society is to promote psychoanalytic research of an empirical, theoretical and clinical nature. The Society is involved in a variety of research activities including the planning and conducting of psychoanalytic research, as well as the dissemination of research findings. Information, Bulletin and Links.

Psychoanalytic Research Overview  It is clearly of central importance to psychoanalysis as a professional activity to sustain a vigourous program of empirical research. We need to learn more about (1) what changes actually take place in psychoanalytic therapy (the outcome question) and (2) how those changes come about, through the interactions of what factors in the patient, the therapist, the therapy, and the evolving life situation (the process question). I divide the history of psychoanalytic therapy research into four successive generations, each marked by increasing conceptual sophistication and methodological advance. Information and references.

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Research at the University of Zurich  the department’s research has placed emphasis on content analytical and qualitative investigations of patient narratives. These narratives are obtained through the department’s own psychotherapy department practice and examined using the JAKOB narrative analysis developed specifically for this purpose. For the data collection a high quality video system is available.

Lester Luborsky’s Core Conflictual Relationship Theme (CCRT)  This guide will help those who are interested in the Core Conflictual Relationship Theme (CCRT) method to see in sharper perspective the large and rapidly growing field of findings that began with the CCRT method by Luborsky (1976,1977), and was furthered by the Ulm CCRT celebration. It concludes with a re-evaluation of the broad issue of the closeness of the CCRT measure to Freud’s concept of the transference template.

Society For Psychotherapy Research  The Society for Psychotherapy Research (SPR) is an international, interdisciplinary organisation dedicated to the scientific study of psychotherapy in all of its various forms. Newsletter, past conference Scientific Programs, old newsletters and records of important decisions are kept here.

Journal For Psychotherapy Research and Practice  Full text and abstracts.

Psychotherapy Research as Social Discourse  The authors´ arguments for psychotherapy research as social discourse shall not be seen as a general rejection of quantitative research, but both should be considered principally equal. In this sense the authors hope to stimulate a discussion on the question which of the two was more suitable to specific questions of research.

Research Resources for the Social Sciences  Comprehensive site providing access to many useful research resources.

Why Most Published Research Findings Are False There is increasing concern that most current published research findings are false. The probability that a research claim is true may depend on study power and bias, the number of other studies on the same question, and, importantly, the ratio of true to no relationships among the relationships probed in each scientific field. In this framework, a research finding is less likely to be true when the studies conducted in a field are smaller; when effect sizes are smaller; when there is a greater number and lesser preselection of tested relationships; where there is greater flexibility in designs, definitions, outcomes, and analytical modes; when there is greater financial and other interest and prejudice; and when more teams are involved in a scientific field in chase of statistical significance. Simulations show that for most study designs and settings, it is more likely for a research claim to be false than true. Moreover, for many current scientific fields, claimed research findings may often be simply accurate measures of the prevailing bias. In this essay, I discuss the implications of these problems for the conduct and interpretation of research.

Medical Journals Are an Extension of the Marketing Arm of Pharmaceutical Companies “Journals have devolved into information laundering operations for the pharmaceutical industry”, wrote Richard Horton, editor of the Lancet, in March 2004. In the same year, Marcia Angell, former editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, lambasted the industry for becoming “primarily a marketing machine” and co-opting “every institution that might stand in its way”. Medical journals were conspicuously absent from her list of co-opted institutions, but she and Horton are not the only editors who have become increasingly queasy about the power and influence of the industry. Jerry Kassirer, another former editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, argues that the industry has deflected the moral compasses of many physicians [3], and the editors of PLoS Medicine have declared that they will not become “part of the cycle of dependency…between journals and the pharmaceutical industry”. Something is clearly up.

Commercial influence and the content of medical journals Authors of articles in medical journals may be affected by commercial bias. Whether this same concern applies to the editors and owners of journals has rarely been critically examined.1 2 Our article explores the reasons for concern. We use information in the literature on three important questions. Do financial conflicts of interest affect decisions made by journal editors? Do journals have policies on authors’ conflicts of interest, and how well do editors enforce those policies? Do financial considerations affect the content of medical journals? We end with a proposal for future research that would help to advance this debate.

Grasping the Nettle: or Why Psychoanalytic Research is such an Irritant  Paper by Peter Fonagy. Most of us would give nettles a wide berth and the same strategy has been widely adopted in relation to psychoanalytic research. My aim here will be not only to ask you to abandon this strategy, but more ambitiously to persuade you to embrace, or at least firmly grasp, this unattractive specimen of flora and enthusiastically go forth in the pursuit of psychoanalytic knowledge through research.

Ethics and evidence based medicine We review ethical concerns associated with evidence based medicine, in particular that it invites a simplistic approach to the role of evidence in medicine, which can be misinterpreted and may not allow for the complexity of clinical decision making. Points: evidence based medicine is unable to resolve competing claims of different interest groups; collecting sufficient satisfactory evidence raises problems because randomised controlled trials are only possible where there is genuine “therapeutic equipoise”; crude application of results of clinical trials to individual care may disadvantage some patients; and allocating resources on the basis of evidence involves implicit value judgements and could imply that lack of evidence means lack of value.

Empirically Supported Psychological Interventions: Controversies and Evidence The work of several task forces and other groups reviewing empirically supported treatments (ESTs) in the United States, United Kingdom, and elsewhere is summarised here, along with the lists of treatments that have been identified as ESTs. Also reviewed is the controversy surrounding EST identification and dissemination, including concerns about research methodology, external validity, and utility of EST research, as well as the reliability and transparency of the EST review process.